Quarantine for all North Carolina counties for the Guava knot nematode declared
Under the quarantine, regulated articles are prohibited from movement to non-quarantined states unless they meet the conditions specifically outlined in the official declaration.
The quarantine is effective immediately, and does not affect the movement of fresh market potatoes.
Currently, the only other state where Guava root knot nematode is known to occur is Florida. This nematode has been reported from China, Vietnam, Mexico, Brazil, Switzerland, Kenya and Nigeria.
Guava root knot nematode is a serious pest of sweet potatoes, and can also infect cotton, soybeans, tobacco, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, watermelons and other agricultural crops.
It is unknown how the Guava root knot nematode entered the US, however it has been identified in eight North Carolina counties.
The pest impacts both crop quality and yield, and damage is similar to other root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) which are the most common and destructive plant-parasitic nematode group worldwide, according to Dr. Weimin Ye, nematode assay section chief of the NCDA&CS’s Agronomic Services Division.
Soil and root samples can be tested for Guava root knot nematode though the NCDA&CS Agronomic Services Division.
This pest is moved through soil and infested roots. Sanitation is key to preventing the spread of this pest and can be achieved by removing all soil from tractors, equipment, shoes, etc. with hot water (<176°F) when moving from field to field. ■