Utilised agricultural area in England increased 1.1%
The total croppable area accounts for just over half (54%) of UAA and remained almost unchanged at 4.8 million hectares in 2016.
Permanent grassland accounts for an additional 42% of UAA and was almost 3.8 million hectares in 2016.
The area of owned land in England increased by 2.9% to 6.1 million hectares in 2016. Land rented in for a year or more increased by 1.2% to just over 3.0 million hectares.
The total area of arable crops increased by 0.6%, from 3.8 million hectares in 2015 to almost 3.9 million hectares in 2016. Cereals and oilseed crops account for the majority (83%) of the total arable crop area.
The total number of cattle and calves in England is 5.4 million in June 2016, showing an increase of 0.8% since 2015. The total breeding herd remained almost unchanged between 2015 and 2016 at almost 1.9 million.
A small decrease of 0.5% resulted in a dairy herd of 1.2 million animals. This was offset by a 1.2% increase in the beef herd which rose to 721 thousand in 2016.
In 2016 the total number of pigs in England increased by 2.2% to 3.9 million animals. The increase was mainly driven by the rise in the number of fattening pigs, up 2.4% to 3.5 million in 2016.
The female breeding herd also increased, rising from 328 thousand in 2015 to 334 thousand in 2016.
The total number of sheep and lambs increased by 0.9%, from 15.1 million in 2015 to almost 15.3 million in 2016. The female breeding flock increased by 0.8% to 7.1 million and the number of lambs increased by 1.0% to 7.8 million.
The total number of people working on agricultural holdings in England decreased by 1.1% from 305 thousand in 2015 to 302 thousand in 2016.
This was largely due to a 4.6% decrease in the number of regular part time workers which stands at 27 thousand people in 2016. ■