Huge difference in EU GDP: UK richest, Croatia and Bulgaria soundly worst
As the graph below shows, there is a considerable variation both in the EU and within the Member States.
This information is taken from data released by Eurostat.
The leading regions in the ranking of regional GDP per capita in 2017, after Inner London - West in the United Kingdom (626% of the average), were Luxembourg (253%), Southern in Ireland (220%), Hamburg in Germany (202%), Brussels Region in Belgium (196%), Eastern & Midland in Ireland (189%) and Prague in Czechia (187%).
There were 21 regions with GDP per capita 50% or more above the EU average in 2017: five were in Germany, two each in Ireland, Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and one each in Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, France, Slovakia, Poland and Sweden as well as Luxembourg.
Population living in these 21 regions is 52.3 million persons.
In all Member States where there are more than one region at NUTS2 level, the highest GDP per capita is in the capital region, except Berlin in Germany, Eastern & Midland in Ireland and Lazio in Italy.
After North-West in Bulgaria (31% of the average), the lowest regions in the ranking were Mayotte in France and North-Central in Bulgaria (both 34%) and another region in Bulgaria: South-Central (35%).
Among the 20 regions with GDP per capita below 50% of the EU average, five were in Bulgaria, four each in Greece and Hungary, three in Poland, two each in France and Romania.
Population in these 20 regions is 22.9 million persons.
It should be noted, however, that in some regions the GDP per capita figures can be significantly influenced by commuter flows.
Net commuter inflows in these regions push up production to a level that could not be achieved by the resident active population on its own.
There is a corresponding effect in regions with commuter outflows. ■