POST Online Media Lite Edition



 

NEWLY REPORTED COVID-19 CASES (latest WHO data):   U.S. 65,320    India 16,838    Brazil 71,704    Russia 10,535    The United Kingdom 6,385    France 26,788    Spain 3,021    Italy 20,840    Turkey 11,520    Germany 11,912    Columbia 3,047    Argentina 3,556    Mexico 7,793    Poland 15,253    Iran 8,404    South Africa 1,447    Ukraine 10,057    Indonesia 7,264    Peru 6,672    Czechia 15,230    The Netherlands 5,090    Canada 2,812    Chile 4,567    Romania 4,278    Iraq 5,043    Sweden 6,196    Pakistan 1,519    Philippines 2,444    Serbia 4,056    Austria 2,497    Hungary 6,278    Japan 1,180    Jordan 5,733    United Arab Emirates 2,742    Lebanon 3,369    Slovakia 2,800    Malaysia 2,063    Belarus 1,311    Bulgaria 1,154    Palestine 2,300    Greece 2,679    Kuwait 1,716    Slovenia 1,209    Moldova 1,550    Paraguay 1,341    Ethiopia 1,161    Libya 1,002    Estonia 1,417    China 20    Singapore 19    New Zealand 0    Australia 6    South Korea 398   

2.5 million U.S. women have condition that can cause infertility

Staff Writer |
About 2.5 million American women have had pelvic inflammatory disease, an often-symptomless infection of the reproductive tract that can cause infertility and lasting abdominal pain, a new U.S. government report shows.

Article continues below






Scientists also found that those who had 10 or more male sex partners experienced pelvic inflammatory disease three times as often as women with a single partner.

The culprits in most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, are the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) chlamydia and gonorrhea, researchers said. Overall, about 4.4 percent of American women said they'd been diagnosed with PID.

Pelvic inflammatory disease tends to be a later "complication of having a prior sexually transmitted infection, and given that there are such high numbers of chlamydia and gonorrhea infections in the U.S., it means a lot of women are at risk," said study author Kristen Kreisel. She's an epidemiologist with the Division of STD Prevention at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

"Pelvic inflammatory disease can be treated, as well as the STD that caused it, but the structural damage that occurs because of PID is often irreversible," Kreisel said. "That's why it's important to stay on top of it."

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are the most commonly reported STDs in the United States. About 1.5 million chlamydia and 400,000 gonorrhea infections were reported in 2015. These infections often don't cause symptoms and may go undiagnosed and untreated, according to the study.

When symptoms do appear, they may include abnormal vaginal discharge or a burning sensation during urination.

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms may include persistent abdominal pain, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge, or pain or bleeding during sexual intercourse, Kreisel said.

PID poses long-term hazards such as infertility, chronic pelvic pain and ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies occur when an embryo implants in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.

No single test can diagnose PID, so doctors often rely on symptom reporting. But PID often doesn't cause symptoms, Kreisel explained. "That's one of the scariest things because you may not know it's even happening," she said.

The researchers used information from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2013 to 2014. This survey included nearly 1,200 women between the ages of 18 and 44.

The study didn't find any significant differences in PID prevalence by age, race, ethnicity or socioeconomic factors.


What to read next

Rotary gives $40.4 million to end polio worldwide
Record 15.5 million Americans now surviving cancer
Out of 25 million vaccines given just 33 people had serious reaction