Cat Que Virus from China threatens India
Scientists in the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) discovered the CQV and have claimed that this specific virus has a potential to cause disease in the country.
CAT Que Virus is found in pigs and culex mosquitoes.
The study carried out by the ICMR discovered antibodies for the virus in two of the 883 human serum samples which were tested across several states in India. This showed that people had been infected with CQV at some point of time.
CQV is an Arthropod borne virus.
Indian mosquito breeds such as Ae. aegypti, Cx. quinquefasciatus and Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus were susceptible to the virus, the ICMR study showed. Apart from mosquitoes and pigs, birds such as the Jungle Myna may also act as a host.
Symptoms of CQV among human beings can be paediatric encephalitis, meningitis and acute fever.
As per the ICMR study, Indian mosquitoes are susceptible to CQV, which could also become a public health pathogen.
Its natural host is a mosquito. Domestic pigs are the primary mammalian host of CQV and anti-CQV IgM and IgG antibodies have been reported in swine reared locally in China. ■