The Menarini Group and its wholly-owned subsidiary Stemline Therapeutics announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the company's New Drug Application (NDA) for elacestrant, an investigational selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD), for patients with ER+/HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
Article continues below
The FDA has granted the application Priority Review and assigned a PDUFA date of February 17, 2023.
The FDA grants Priority Review designation to medicines that it considers have the potential to provide significant improvements over current SOC in the safety and effectiveness of the treatment, diagnosis, or prevention of serious conditions. The FDA granted Fast Track designation for elacestrant in 2018.
The NDA submission was supported by results of the Phase 3 data from the EMERALD study. EMERALD met both of its pre-specified primary endpoints of progression-free survival (PFS) in the overall population and in patients with the ESR1 mutation (mESR1) compared to SOC endocrine monotherapy; the trial's comparator arms were investigators' choice of either fulvestrant or an aromatase inhibitor.
The PFS rate at 12 months with elacestrant was 22.32% vs. 9.42% with SOC in the overall population, and 26.76% vs. 8.19% in the ESR1 mutation population.
The clinical trial data showed that elacestrant reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 30% in all patients and by 45% in patients with ESR1 mutation. The data also showed a manageable safety profile.
Elacestrant is an investigational compound and is not approved by any regulatory authorities. The Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) has also been submitted to European Medicines Agency (EMA) in July 2022.
The Menarini Group obtained global licensing rights for elacestrant in July 2020 from Radius Health, Inc who conducted and successfully completed the EMERALD study.
Based on the positive phase 3 data, Stemline, with the support of Radius, submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) in June 2022 to the FDA.
The Menarini Group is now fully responsible for global registration, commercialization and further development activities for elacestrant.
Stemline, headquartered in New York City, will commercialize elacestrant if approved by the FDA. Stemline is focused on bringing transformational oncology treatments to cancer patients, and currently commercializes a novel targeted treatment for patients with blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm in both the United States and Europe.
About Elacestrant (RAD1901) and the EMERALD Phase 3 Study
Elacestrant is an investigational selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD), which is being evaluated for potential use as a once-daily oral treatment in patients with ER+/ HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
In 2018, elacestrant received Fast Track designation from the FDA. Preclinical studies completed prior to EMERALD indicate that the compound has the potential for use as a single agent or in combination with other therapies for the treatment of breast cancer.
The EMERALD Phase 3 trial is a randomized, open label, active-controlled study evaluating elacestrant as second- or third-line monotherapy in ER+/HER2- advanced/metastatic breast cancer patients.
The study enrolled 477 patients who had received prior treatment with one or two lines of endocrine therapy, including a CDK 4/6 inhibitor.
Patients in the study were randomized to receive either elacestrant or the investigator's choice of an approved hormonal agent.
The primary endpoint of the study was progression-free survival (PFS) in the overall patient population and in patients with estrogen receptor 1 gene (ESR1) mutations. Secondary endpoints included evaluation of overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), and duration of response (DOR). ■