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Pakistan needs reform on water shortage

Staff Writer |
The increasing gap between water demand and supply is nowadays a major social and economic concern for Pakistan, requiring a much more comprehensive national policy to tackled down this problem, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) warned.

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Any delay in the reforms would only worsen the present situation, as the water deficit will expand due to the growing demand derived from population growth, urbanization and development, as well as decrease in available supplies, the SBP reported.

For this institution, its goal is to improve the efficiency in water consumption and management.

Even though this is considered as a key resource in any nation, its importance in Pakistan is quite crucial since it has an agrarian economy and depends utterly on a single source (the Indus basin) to meet most of its needs.

According to the World Resources Institute, Pakistan will be facing up a high-level of water stress by 2020.

The current water storage capacity is inadequate as the three main water reservoirs in Pakistan: Mangla, Tarbela and Chashma account for only 30 days of water consumption, when international standards set the amount at 120.

Last month, the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PVRWR) has revealed that water shortage and water-borne diseases in Pakistan are causing annual losses of nearly ‎âé¹ 28 billion (about $266 million).

The PCRWR reported some information taken from the UN Commission on Sustainable Development, estimating that about 200,000 children die annually in Pakistan from diarrhoeal diseases.


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