Plastic bag use cut drastically in UK after levy introduction
The average shopper in England now takes home about 25 bags a year from the main supermarkets, compared with about 140 bags before the charge was introduced in October 2015, according to the first full year of data recorded by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Large retailers are required to charge shoppers 5 pence ($0.06) per bag used, which is then donated to charitable causes.
The levy is supposed to encourage people to reuse bags instead of discarding them, where they can end up in landfill sites, get caught in trees or pollute the oceans.
About eight million tons of plastic makes its way into seas each year globally, which is ingested by 31 species of marine mammals and more than 100 species of sea birds, according to Defra.
The seven main supermarkets in the U.K. issued 6 billion fewer bags from April 2016 to April 2017 compared with 2014, before the charge began.
More than 66 million pounds was donated to charities, Defra said.
Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland also charge shoppers for plastic bags and around the world Bangladesh, Italy, China and South Africa have banned bags. ■