UN releases first displacement tracking results on Venezuelan flows in Brazil
More than half say they are hoping to travel even further south – towards the Argentina (mainly) and Chile. About two-thirds report economic or labour reasons at home motivated them to leave; about one fifth say their chief motivator was lack of food and medical services.
These are some the findings IOM, the UN Migration Agency, released its first results of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) today (27/04), providing information on Venezuelan flows in the State of Roraima, Brazil.
The first DTM round was implemented in close coordination with the Brazilian Government through its Ministry of Human Rights, to gather, analyse and produce evidence-based data to provide a better understanding of the Venezuelan flows in Roraima.
The DTM results include information on demographics, mobility, the labour situation, access to services and protection. The IOM team collected the information between 25 January and 8 March 2018 through more than 3,500 interviews in two municipalities: Boa Vista, the capital of Roraima, and Pacaraima, on the border with Venezuela.
The data collected shows that most of the Venezuelans surveyed (71%) are between 25 and 49 years old, 40 percent migrated together with their family and 40 percent migrated alone. Regarding gender, the DTM data shows that 58 percent of the migrants are men and 41 percent are women. Seventty-five percent come from the States of Anzoategui, Monagas and Bolívar in Venezuela and 52 percent are willing to go to other countries (mainly Argentina and Chile), while 48 percent wish to stay in Brazil (mainly in the States of Amazonas and Roraima).
According to the information gathered, 67 percent of the Venezuelans interviewed left their country because of economic or labour reasons and 22 percent due to the limitations to access food and medical services.
The DTM results indicate that 57 percent of the Venezuelans surveyed are unemployed in Brazil. Among those employed, 82 percent are working in the informal market and 76 percent send remittances to their families in Venezuela.
Most of the Venezuelans interviewed reported having access to basic services, except education. Among those who expressed difficulties accessing education, the main reason reported was the lack of documentation.
The DTM also shows that 28 percent of the Venezuelans interviewed have suffered either verbal, physical, or sexual violence in Brazil. ■