China outlines strategy for energy sector
In an article entitled "Foreseeing and Analyzing China's Future Energy Development" published by the People's Daily, the flagship newspaper of the Communist Party of China, on Wednesday, Li Wei, head of the Development Research Center of the State Council, said China must transform itself into a country of "security, greenery and efficiency" by 2030 or be faced with erratic supplies and insurmountable environmental challenges.
Mr. Li's article is based on two years of research led by the center and supported by more than 70 experts from Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Harvard University in the U.S. and Tsinghua University in China, among others, reports China Daily.
The growth of China's energy demand will slow remarkably thanks to the cooling of the economy, but there will be a higher dependency on impact of oil and natural gas. By 2030, as much as 75 percent of China's oil might be imported. The dependency on overseas natural gas will also rise rapidly, bringing with it grave energy security concerns, Li warned.
Mr. Li is a former senior official of the State Council. He put energy security in a wider global context. By 2030, the world's energy supply will be much the same while demand will keep growing, partly because of the industrialization of emerging economies.
There is also a fundamental shift in the world energy supply, with consumption gravitating east and production moving westward. By 2030, China and India are expected to account for half of the world's oil consumption. The US, on the other hand, will likely be the center for world oil production by 2020 and aims to become the leader in deciding oil and gas prices.
China's energy supply risks might be exacerbated by complicated and volatile geopolitical situations, Mr. Li warned. ■