Consumer demand for gold up 53% in Q2 2013
Globally, jewellery demand was up 37% in Q2 2013 to 576 tonnes (t) from 421t in the same quarter last year, reaching its highest level since Q3 2008. In China, demand was up 54% compared to a year ago; while in India demand increased by 51%. There were also significant increases in demand for gold jewellery in other parts of the world: the Middle East region was up by 33%, and in Turkey demand grew by 38%.
Bar and coin investment grew by 78% globally compared to the same quarter last year, topping 500t in a quarter for the first time. In China, demand for gold bars and coins surged 157% compared with the same quarter last year, while in India it jumped 116% to a record 122t. Taking jewellery demand and bar and coin investment together, global consumer demand totalled 1,083t in the quarter, 53% higher than a year ago.
For the tenth consecutive quarter, central banks were net buyers of gold, purchasing 71t, which reinforces the trend that began in Q1 2011.
Demand in the technology sector was stable once again, totalling 104t, a rise of 1% on last year.
Meanwhile gold held in gold-backed ETFs, which in 2012 accounted for just 6% of the world's gold demand, fell by just over 400t, driven by hedge funds and other speculative investors continuing to exit their positions. This was predominantly in the US. Overall, demand for gold in Q2 2013 was 856t, down 12% on a year ago.
On the supply side, recycling fell 21% in the quarter while mine production was 4% higher than a year ago, at 732t. In total, supply was 6% lower than a year ago. ■