Latest UNWTO figures on global tourism are encouraging
International tourist arrivals grew by 4.4% in 2015 to reach a total of 1,184 million in 2015.
According to the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer 2016, international tourist arrivals were up 4% to a record 1.2 billion in 2015. While it has no specific medical tourism figures, medical tourism often follows tourism trends of where people go.
International tourist arrivals grew by 4.4% in 2015 to reach a total of 1,184 million in 2015. 50 million more tourists (overnight visitors) travelled to international destinations around the world last year as compared to 2014.
2015 marks the 6th consecutive year of above-average growth, with international arrivals increasing by 4% or more every year since the post-crisis year of 2010.
Demand was strong overall, though with mixed results across individual destinations due to unusually strong exchange rate fluctuations, the drop in oil prices and other commodities which increased disposable income in importing countries but weakened demand in exporters, as well as increased safety and security concerns.
2015 results were influenced by exchange rates, oil prices and natural and manmade crises in many parts of the world.
The current environment highlights the issues of safety and security, so tourism development greatly depends upon a collective capacity to promote safe, secure and seamless travel.
Growth in advanced economy destinations (+5%) exceeded that of emerging economies (+4%), boosted by the solid results of Europe (+5%).
By region, Europe, the Americas and Asia and the Pacific all recorded 5% growth in 2015. Arrivals to the Middle East increased by 3% while in Africa; there was a 3% decrease, mostly due to weak results in North Africa, which accounts for over one third of arrivals in the region.
By region, growth is expected to be stronger in Asia and the Pacific (+4% to +5%) and the Americas (+4% to +5%), followed by Europe (+3.5% to +4.5%). The projections for Africa (+2% to 5%) and the Middle East (+2% to +5%) are positive, though with a larger degree of uncertainty and volatility.
Europe (+5%) led growth in absolute and relative terms supported by a weaker euro vis-à-vis the US dollar and other main currencies. Arrivals reached 609 million, or 29 million more than in 2014. Central and Eastern Europe (+6%) rebounded from last year’s decrease in arrivals.
Northern Europe (+6%), Southern Mediterranean Europe (+5%) and Western Europe (+4%) also recorded sound results, especially considering the many mature destinations they comprise.
Asia and the Pacific (+5%) recorded 13 million more international tourist arrivals last year to reach 277 million, with uneven results across destinations. Oceania (+7%) and South-East Asia (+5%) led growth, while South Asia and in North-East Asia recorded an increase of 4%.
International tourist arrivals in the Americas (+5%) grew 9 million to reach 191 million, consolidating the strong results of 2014.
The appreciation of the US dollar stimulated outbound travel from the United States, benefiting the Caribbean and Central America, both recording 7% growth. Results in South America and North America (both at +4%) were close to the average.
International tourist arrivals in the Middle East grew by an estimated 3% to a total of 54 million, consolidating the recovery initiated in 2014.
In Africa there is a 3% decrease in international arrivals, reaching a total of 53 million. In North Africa arrivals declined by 8% and in Sub-Saharan Africa by 1%, though the latter returned to positive growth in the second half of the year.
A few leading source markets have driven tourism expenditure in 2015 supported by a strong currency and economy.
Among the world’s top source markets, China, with double-digit growth in expenditure every year since 2004, continues to lead global outbound travel, benefitting Asian destinations such as Japan and Thailand, as well as the United States and various European destinations. ■