Mobile phones surpass computers in access to internet in Brazil
Carried out in partnership with the Ministry of Communications, the Information and Communication Technologies – ICT supplement of the National Household Sample Survey – PNAD showed that the access to the internet through cell phones surpassed that through computers in Brazil for the first time ever.
The proportion of the households that accessed the internet through cell phones jumped from 53.6% to 80.4%.
In 2004, the access to the internet through microcomputers stayed at 6.3 million households and changed to 28.2 million in 2014. These figures amounted to 12.2% of the households in 2004 and to 42.1% in 2014.
As of 2013, PNAD ICT started to investigate the access to the internet through devices other than microcomputers (cell phones, tablets, TV sets and others). Considering all these ways of access, 48.0% of the households accessed the internet in 2013 and 54.9% (or 36.8 million) in 2014.
In 2014, about 16.5% (11.1 million) of the households in Brazil owned tablets, an increase of 5.7 percentage points in relation to 2013, when the existence of this device in households was investigated for the first time. In relation to 2013, the home access to the internet through tablets increased 50.4%.
Of the 36.8 million households with access to the internet, 0.8% had only dial-up connections and 99.2%, broadband connections in 2014. Fixed broadband connections grew 9.9% in relation to 2013, yet their proportion dropped: from 77.1% to 71.9% of the households with internet. Wireless broadband (cell phones) jumped from 43.5% to 62.8% of the households with internet.
Among the three types of TV investigated by PNAD ICT 2014, broadcast digital TVs reached 39.8% of the households in Brazil, pay TVs reached 32.1% and satellite TVs, 38.0%.
Among these three types, pay TV increased the most: an expansion of 12% in relation to 2013. Among the households with TV sets, 23.1% – or about 15.1 million – had none of these three types of access to the TV schedule.
Among the 106.8 million existing TV sets in the Brazilian households in 2014, 52.1% were CRT TVs and 47.9%, flat screen TVs, against 61.6% and 38.4%, respectively, in 2013. The proportion of flat screen TVs increased by 9.5 percentage points within one year.
Between 2013 and 2014, the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who accessed the internet through electronic devices other than microcomputers jumped from 4.2% to 10.5%. In absolute numbers, this increase was of 155.6% (or more 11.2 million persons).
The percentage of the population aged 10 years and over who had cell phones for personal use reached 77.9% in 2014 (136.6 million persons). In relation to 2005, this contingent rose 142.8%.
In 2014, more than half (52.5%) of the rural population aged 10 years and over had cell phones for the first time ever. In the urban areas, this percentage reached 82.3%. ■