Most EU seaborne passengers travel within national borders
However, eighteen of the reporting countries recorded increases in the transport of seaborne passengers from 2013 to 2014.
The largest relative increases were reported by the candidate country Turkey (+6.1%), Poland (+5.8%) and Malta (+5.6%). In contrast, the estimated number of seaborne passengers transported to or from the main ports of Croatia and Latvia fell by just above 12% in the same period.
The majority of the seaborne passenger transport in the EU is carried out between ports situated in the same country (58%), reflecting the dominant role of national ferry services in the European seaborne passenger transport.
In general, countries with busy ferry connections to and from, or between, well-populated islands will have both a large volume of seaborne passenger transport and a high share of national maritime passenger transport. This applies to the two leading maritime passenger transport countries, Italy and Greece, as well as countries like Germany, Croatia and Portugal.
Countries with regular ferry connections to other EU countries, like Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France, Estonia, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom, naturally have high shares of international intra-EU transport.
As in previous years, Spain and Denmark recorded relatively high shares of extra-EU seaborne passenger transport in 2014, with Spain having ferry links with Morocco and Denmark with Norway. ■