Smoking and smog a killing duo in China
Statistics from China's Ministry of Health show that lung cancer has the highest mortality rate among all cancers in China and the rate has increased 465 percent during the past 30 years. The incidence of lung cancer increases on average 26.9 percent each year, according to the Ministry of Health.
Experts at the summit named smoking as a major cause for the increases in the mortality and incidence of lung cancer in China, and said controlling the use of tobacco would be a significant measure for preventing lung cancer.
Approximately 1 million Chinese die from diseases caused by smoking cigarettes every year. Experts at the summit predicted that around 2 million people will die from smoking related diseases by 2025, if no measures are taken to control tobacco, official reports say.
China produces the most cigarettes in the world every year—1.7 trillion cigarettes, 2.5 times of the United States, according to Chinese official report. China has 350 million smokers, nearly a third of the 1.1 billion smokers in the whole world.
Research shows that air pollution is closely related to lung cancer and other cardiovascular diseases. Exposure to a certain level of fine particles in the air has been estimated to cause 3.2 million deaths from cardiovascular disease worldwide in 2010, according to report by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, part of the World Health Organization.
The report says 223,000 deaths were from lung cancer, and more than half of the lung cancer deaths were attributed to ambient fine particles in China and other East Asian countries.
Beijing is going to invest 15 billion RMB ($2.5 billion) in air pollution control in 2014, according to the Beijing Commission of Development and Reform. Beijing has arranged 8 billion RMB (US$1.3 billion) for air pollution control this year. ■