TSA shipping lines to adjust minimum rates
The container freight market is challenged by volatility and facing the prospect of further consolidation.
First, TSA lines are recommending adjustments to minimum rates across the board, on December 1, 2015 and on January 1, 2016.
For December 1, the lines will be seeking to restore the lowest current market rate levels to at least US$950 per 40-foot container (FEU) to the U.S. West Coast; $1,700 per FEU to the U.S. East and Gulf Coasts; and $2,950 per FEU for intermodal moves to key Chicago-area inland point destinations.
For January 1, TSA members are recommending that a general tariff rate increase be filed in the amount of $1,200 per FEU to the West Coast and $1,600 per FEU to the East and Gulf Coasts.
Carriers say their objective is to establish more compensatory baseline revenue levels as they head into service contract negotiations, and in advance of the Lunar New Year holiday in Asia that begins in early February.
“Transpacific lines are adjusting to a new normal of larger ships and complex alliances, necessitated by cost and environmental compliance pressures – all in the context of an uncertain global economic environment,” explained TSA Executive Administrator Brian Conrad.
“Irrespective of cyclical supply-demand issues, it is critical that these global infrastructure providers get their pricing right and fully recover their costs through meaningful, staged rate increases heading into 2016.”
TSA has also finalized its 2016-2017 service contract program, which will focus on revenue improvement through both rate and non-rate items. For all 2016-17 service contracts, most of which take effect on May 1, TSA lines are recommending longer-term minimum rates of $1,700 per FEU to the West Coast, and $2,900 per FEU to the East and Gulf Coasts.
In addition, the contract program will include adjustments to non-rate charges and practices in areas such as absorption of chassis costs; free-time allowances; port and rail demurrage charges; equipment detention and per diem; full recovery of current and projected trucking costs; intermodal pricing; credit policies; and contract boiler plate terms.
“Lines have learned the hard way that small concessions to a customer here and there expand quickly across the trade and add up, over time, to a lot of money left on the table,” Conrad said.
“Beyond that, addressing these non-rate items will also help to improve equipment velocity and availability, toward a more efficient and robust supply chain.”
A final area of concern is that larger linehaul vessels making fewer port calls have led to higher feeder service and other transshipment costs in maintaining route coverage throughout Asia.
Lines will be closely reviewing their schedules of feeder port add-ons in light of rising costs, and will make specific adjustments to those add-ons as warranted in upcoming contracts.
TSA is a research and discussion forum of major container shipping lines serving the trade from Asia to ports and inland points in the U.S. ■