Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia sign deal on Nile dam
Attempts to reach consensus on the deal have been taking place throughout the past year via dialogue among the concerned parties.
In September 2014, local expert committees from Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia recommended conducting two more studies on the GERD.
The first proposed test was on the dam's impact on Egypt and Sudan's water shares, and the second on the anticipated environmental, economic and social impact on both Sudan and Egypt.
Then, in March 2015, the three countries signed a Declaration of Principles in Khartoum articulating the continuation of talks on political and technical issues, as well as conducting technical studies to protect the three countries' shares in the river Nile.
"The deal is the culmination of the Declaration of Principles signed by the three countries' leaders last March," said Sudan's foreign minister Ibrahim Ghandour during a press conference Tuesday.
Ghandour said the deal stipulates the three countries' consensus on a French Office to finalize the GERD's technical studies; speeding up said studies; solid commitment to the Declaration of Principles; advancing confidence building as well as coordinating regular meetings between Foreign and Water Ministries in the three countries. ■