Vietnam hesitates to ban white asbestos use
The number of countries strictly prohibiting asbestos has increased three times to 54 countries from 2001 to date. Meanwhile, Vietnam delayed the time to impose the prohibition from 2004 to 2010 and then 2020, and is intending to postpose it until 2030.
White asbestos is a fibrous substance used as a material for fibro cement sheets, brake linings and fire-resistant and insulating chemicals. The substance is considered the most dangerous occupational carcinogen according to experts at the conference on scientific bases for protecting public health against harms of white asbestos.
Data of the World Heald Organization (WHO) revealed that more than 100,000 people die of diseases caused by white asbestos and over 1.5 million people catch related diseases a year. It is estimated that more than half of the deaths from occupational cancer are related to white asbestos.
Lung cancer caused by white asbestos kills 41,000 people while mesothelioma cancer causes 59,000 deaths a year. White asbestos is the cause of 80% of mesothelioma cancer cases and the number of people dying of this disease has kept increasing in developed countries which overused the substance in the past.
According to WHO, treatments of the diseases caused by white asbestos cost US$2.4 billion compared to the economic value worth US$802 million that the substance brought in 2008.
Many countries have been sued and had to pay dearly for being late in prohibiting white asbestos. Despite the danger of white asbestos, Vietnam still hesitates to ban its use.
The country now has 41 producers of fibro cement sheets from white asbestos with 70 factories in 23 cities and provinces and running with an average capacity of 75-100 million square meters per year.
Vietnam mostly imports white asbestos for domestic consumption. In the past ten years, the country has been in the list of top ten countries consuming white asbestos with an average of 65,000 tons per year. ■