Growing global dairy demand sets stage for U.S., EU, Oceania competition
The regions of the world with the most demand growth are also regions where the conditions are unfavorable or challenging for milk production.
"As global demand for dairy products grows, the established dairy exporters will rely on and fiercely compete for new markets," said Ben Laine, senior economist with CoBank.
"While all exporters will benefit from global demand growth, the EU stands to extend its reach furthest into these markets barring any major shifts by the U.S. to a global market focus."
"Regions with highly evolved dairy production and processing industries, but with mature dairy consumption markets, will compete with one another for emerging demand, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia," said Laine.
"Ability to recognize and meet the needs of cultures with different preferences and providing products in an affordable way will be key to gaining a competitive advantage."
The cooperative model that works so well domestically will be challenged globally as some companies may find success by establishing processing plants close to the demand and vertically integrating locally.
Laine concludes that the EU has a head start in its ability to respond to increased demand and Oceania will be limited in terms of continued production growth.
The U.S. has the potential to compete for the new demand if it becomes more adaptive and innovates. ■