NOAA satellite to help manage fisheries
Developed by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and launched in partnership with NASA, the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS-1) will be used by NOAA Fisheries to track changes in ocean colour and spikes in ocean temperature - important clues in understanding where marine animals live, spawn, and feed.
JPSS-1 carries the VIIRS sensor, which can detect shades of blues and greens that illustrate the distribution and abundance of chlorophyll and phytoplankton, as well as browns and reds that can indicate outbreaks of algae or spilled oil.
Using the VIIRS instrument, JPSS-1 can make precise oceanographic measurements to measure chlorophyll.
In turn, the measurements help scientists understand ‘hotspots’ of where many species live and make predictions about the future productivity of valuable fisheries.
Microwave and infrared radiometers on the spacecraft collect data that, when combined with data from buoys and NOAA vessels, provide reliable readings of water temperature. ■