Researchers launch artificial salmon gut project
This important and complex information will arm the fish farming industry with a sustainable response to increasing global demand for high quality farmed fish.
Less wild fish as feedstock will cause a drop in the levels of omega-3 fatty acids found in salmon thereby causing a drop in the marketable quality of the fish.
Led by scientists at the University of Glasgow, the three-year project, named SalmoSim will work in collaboration with The Marine Institute and University College Cork (Ireland), Nofima (Norway), Alltech and Marine Harvest.
SalmoSim’s aim is to better understand the link between gut microbiota and the development and digestion of salmon.
Gut microbiota, the bacteria that colonise the intestine, are known to play a vital role in digestion and nutrient absorption across a wide variety of different organisms. Understanding how these microbes can facilitate the efficient absorption of novel feeds in salmon is of vital importance.
Salmon farming and aquaculture is of increasing significance, both in terms of economics and food sustainability. In Scotland, Atlantic salmon is now the number one food export.
Nearly 180,000 tonnes of farmed Atlantic salmon was produced in 2014 alone and the sector provides employment for an estimated 7,000 people. Scottish Government and industry leaders anticipate as much as a 30 per cent increase in production by 2020.
As with all industries, sustainable salmon farming must be accompanied by scientific innovation if it is to succeed. One of the major challenges over the next decade will be a reduction in wild feedstock availability. ■