Total utilised agricultural area in the UK has increased 1.2%
The area of total crops has decreased by 0.2%, helping to slightly offset the 22% increase in uncropped arable land.
UK wheat yields decreased by 12%, falling from 9.0 tonnes per hectare in 2015 to 7.9 tonnes per hectare in 2016. 2014 and 2015 were exceptionally high yielding years for wheat and the 2016 figure is more in line with short term averages.
Barley: Yields fell by 11% from 6.7 tonnes per hectare in 2015 to 5.9 tonnes per hectare in 2016. The production estimate for 2016 is 6.7 million tonnes.
Winter planted barley saw a minor decrease in area and as a result of yield reductions production estimates for winter planted barley are down 17% to 2.8 million tonnes.
The spring planted barley area increased (3.6%) but the reduced yields meant that production has fallen 3.9% to 3.8 million tonnes.
The oilseed rape harvest has shown a decrease of 30% to 1.8 million tonnes in 2016.
This decrease in production has been a result of an 11% decrease in the planted area and a 21% decrease in total oilseed rape yield from 3.9 tonnes per hectare in 2015 to 3.1 tonnes per hectare in 2016. ■