Netherlands remains EU member state with highest resource productivity
Resource productivity quantifies the relationship between the size of the economy and the use of natural resources. The value of resource productivity increases when the economy, measured by GDP, grows at a faster rate than the consumption of raw materials, measured by domestic material consumption (DMC).
The level of resource productivity varies widely between the EU Member States: from €0.4/kg in Bulgaria and Romania to €5.3/kg in the Netherlands in 2019.
After accounting for price differences, the Netherlands remains the EU Member States with the highest resource productivity (4.5 purchasing power standards (PPS) per kg), followed at a distance by Italy (3.7), Luxembourg (3.5) and Belgium (3.4).
At the opposite end of the scale, four Member States registered resource productivity below 1.00 - Bulgaria and Romania (both 0.8 PPS/kg) and Estonia (0.9).
These differences can be explained by a country's natural resources, the diversity of its industrial activities, the role played by its services sector and its construction activities, the scale and patterns of its consumption and its various energy sources. ■