South Korea's trade value hits record high in 2018, export tops 600 billion USD
Export, which accounts for about half of the export-driven economy, reached a record high of 605.5 billion dollars in 2018, according to the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy.
It was up 5.5 percent from the previous year, marking the biggest since the country began the outbound shipment in 1948.
The country's export surpassed 500 billion dollars for the first time in 2011.
Import advanced 11.8 percent over the year to 535 billion dollars last year, the largest ever recorded by the economy.
Helped by the biggest export and import, the trade value posted a fresh yearly high of 1.14 trillion dollars in 2018, exceeding 1 trillion dollars for the second consecutive year.
Trade surplus amounted to 70.5 billion dollars, staying in the black for 10 straight years.
The continued surplus came amid strong global demand for locally-made semiconductors, of which export jumped 29.4 percent over the year to 126.7 billion dollars in 2018.
Semiconductor was the country's sole export item that topped 100 billion dollars in outbound shipment last year.
General machinery export surpassed 50 billion dollars for the first time in the country's history, while shipment for petrochemicals and oil products also exceeded 50 billion dollars for the first time last year.
Computer export kept an upward trend for four straight years thanks to robust demand for solid state drive, and textile shipment marked the first turnaround in four years on solid demand from emerging markets.
Automobile export fell 1.9 percent last year on weak demand in the U.S. market, and display panel shipment reduced on supply glut that led to lower product price.
Steel export inched down 0.6 percent on the U.S. protectionist moves, and auto parts shipment dipped 0.1 percent on soft demand from China and the Latin American countries.
Export for telecommunication devices, such as smartphone, tumbled 22.6 percent, and consumer electronics export retreated 18.3 percent amid a stiffer competition and the local manufacturers that increased production in overseas factories.
Cosmetics export kept a double-digit growth for the seventh consecutive year amid the popularity of K-pop culture, and pharmaceuticals shipment gained 17.2 percent as sales of some of locally-developed biosimilars were approved in the United States and the European Union (EU).
By region, export to China, South Korea's biggest trading partner, reached a fresh high of 162.24 billion dollars last year, up 14.2 percent from the previous year.
Shipments to the United States, the EU and Japan also gained ground on demand for chips, general machinery and petrochemicals.
Export to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) added 5.3 percent to hit a new high of 100.28 billion dollars in 2018, topping 100 billion dollars for the first time.
In December alone, export fell 1.2 percent from a year earlier to 48.5 billion dollars. Import rose 0.9 percent to 43.9 billion dollars, sending the trade surplus to 4.6 billion dollars.
The trade balance stayed in the black for 83 months through December. ■