When women become familiar with their body and breasts she will be able to recognize every suspicious breasts changes much easier.
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Protective measures of breast cancer should start as self-examination in the age of 20, once a month, until the age of 35. Between 35 and 40 years of age, along with self-examination, it is necessary for women to make an ultrasound once a year and basic mammogram in 40 for women in risk group. Between 40 and 50 years of age - the first mammography or mammography every two years. After 50, a mammography must be done once a year. Regarding to women's health, risks or special needs, a doctor will suggest some other types of examination.
For lots of women, breasts change in size during the menstrual cycle and it is normal for women to feel tenderness and other standard periodical changes. Most of this changes are not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. They include fluid-filled lumps (cysts), benign lumps (fibro adenomas), hardening of connective tissue (fibrosis) and soreness associated with lumpy breasts. The only condition that is strongly connected with increased risk for breast cancer is the atypical hyperplasia (growth in size and number of normal cells in an unusual pattern).
But, some risk factors arise with woman’s age or with her personal health history. If a woman had a cancer on one breast there is a higher possibility that cancer will appear on second breast (4 to 5 percent). If one of woman’s relatives in the first row (mother, sister or daughter) had a breast cancer it is a higher possibility that illness will appear again. If a woman had later child birth (after 30), if she got early menstrual (before 12), have menstrual 30 years or more she belongs in the group of women with increased factors of breast cancer. Also, if she enters climax later (after 55), if she received hormone therapy or are receiving it now, or if she is a barren woman, those are also the factors which increase the possibility of breast cancer.
Women must pay attention to the following changes: lump in breast or in armpit, discharge from a nipple, changes on nipple or around a nipple, colour or sensation changes, changes of normal size or shape of the breast, wizened breast skin or sudden pain in a breast or armpit hole.It must be kept in mind that one type of carcinoma, so called lobular carcinoma, can show itself just by callosity without showing any changing on mammogram. For pregnant women and those who breastfeed, after any appearance of lump it will be wise to immediately contact the doctor.
As we said earlier, many women have fibrocystic breast symptoms at some point in their lives, around 60 percent. Fibrocystic breast symptoms are characterized by painful, swelled breasts, sometimes with prickles and aching nipples. Beside self-examination and regular breast control, for fibrocystic breast pain doctors recommend nutrition rich with fruit and vegetable, reduction of fat on 25 percent of usually imported fats, less salt, limiting alcohol and avoiding of import of caffeine (cafe and tea). Regular examinations, healthy eating and exercise contribute to breast cancer prevention. ■