More diabetics in obese Dutch population
More than 17 percent of them reported they were also diagnosed with diabetes, versus more than 3 percent in the non-obese population, as the Health Survey published by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) shows.
In this survey, participants are requested to state whether or not they have diabetes and to provide data on body height and weight.
Just like unhealthy eating habits, smoking and lack of exercise, obesity (serious overweight) is a major risk factor for developing diabetes type 2.
Considerably more obese than non-obese people report to be living with diabetes type 2: more than 13 percent versus nearly 3 percent.
Last year 4.8 percent in the Dutch population reported to have diabetes, versus 2.8 percent in 2001. The increase is almost entirely due to the rising share of diabetes type 2 patients.
This type of diabetes is nearly four times as common as diabetes type 1. Diabetes type 2 is slightly more prevalent among men (more than 4 percent) than among women (more than 3 percent).
Diabetes type 2 is more frequently found in older people, whereas type 1 also affects young people and incidence appears not to be age-related.
Type 2 is primarily found among over-40s. The Health Survey shows that 1.8 percent of 40 to 49-year-olds are diagnosed with diabetes type 2, increasing to nearly 8 percent among 55 to 64-year-olds and to nearly 15 percent among people aged 75 years or older. ■