Ocean temperatures highest ever
From 2000-2013 the global ocean surface temperature rise paused, in spite of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. This period, referred to as the Global Warming Hiatus, raised a lot of public and scientific interest. However, as of April 2014 Ocean warming has picked up speed again, according to Timmermann's analysis of ocean temperature datasets.
Timmermann explained that the 2014 global ocean warming was mostly due to the North Pacific, which has warmed far beyond any recorded value and had shifted hurricane tracks, weakened trade winds, and produced coral bleaching in the Hawaiian Islands.
He described the events leading up to this upswing as follows: Sea-surface temperatures started to rise unusually quickly in the extratropical North Pacific already in January 2014. A few months later, in April and May, westerly winds pushed a huge amount of very warm water usually stored in the western Pacific along the equator to the eastern Pacific.
This warm water has spread along the North American Pacific coast, releasing into the atmosphere enormous amounts of heat-heat that had been locked up in the Western tropical Pacific for nearly a decade.
Timmermann said that record-breaking greenhouse gas concentrations and anomalously weak North Pacific summer trade winds, which usually cooled the ocean surface, had contributed further to the rise in sea surface temperatures. The warm temperatures now extend in a wide swath from just north of Papua New Guinea to the Gulf of Alaska.
The current record-breaking temperatures indicate that the 14-year-long pause in ocean warming has come to an end. ■