U.S. launches first attempt to protect Earth from asteroids
The live coverage is streamed on the website of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
The rocket was launched from Space Launch Complex 4 at Vandenberg Space Force Base in California at 22:21 on Tuesday local time (9:21 Moscow time on November 24).
After reaching outer space, DART will separate from Falcon 9 and travel towards the binary Didymos Dimorphos asteroid which, much like the Earth, also revolves around the Sun. It is expected that DART will collide with the smaller Dimorphos asteroid at a speed of 24,000 kilometers per hour in the fall of 2022.
NASA notes that specialists have a difficult task.
"The asteroid we are trying to hit is about the size of a football stadium. And we’re going to try and hit it with something the size of a refrigerator," Director of NASA’s Planetary Science Division Lori Glaze said earlier.
As a result of the collision, Dimorphos’ orbit which revolves around its larger 750 meter long companion Didymos should change by "a fraction of a percent."
Scientists think that this will be enough for them to detect the deviation using ground based telescopes. The goal of the experiment is to work out a methodology which in the future could help alter the trajectory of potentially dangerous asteroids. ■