Chlamydia - most common sexual disease
Most symptoms of Chlamydia infection look like "common problems" as burning during urination, enhanced discharge from vagina or urethra, abdominal pain and testicular pain. Women sometimes can feel a pain in pelvis or discomfort during sexual intercourse. Patients usually don't pay attention to those symptoms and by doing this they create a conditions for progression of Chlamydia infection.
Chlamydia in men most frequently causes nonspecific urethritis or, simply said, inflammation of the part of urinary tract that is situated in the body and the head of the penis. Chlamydia is most frequently transferred by sexual intercourse. Incubation or time when agent enters the organism to appearing of the first signs lasts from one to three weeks.
If signs and symptoms occur they are often mild and passing, making them easy to overlook. Men can feel light and sometimes in very small discharge from urethra, burning during urination, frequent impulse for urination or feeling of heavier urination, or intermittent urinate flow. Top of the head of the penis can be reddish.
But, those symptoms don’t have to show. If infection advances to chronic phase it can cause complication like prostatitis (infection of the prostate gland), epididymitis (inflammation of the coiled tube - epididymis at the back of the testicle that stores and carries sperm). In some cases Chlamydia infection can be the cause for man's sterility.
Both men and women with unidentified and uncured Chlamydia infection spread infection to their partner(s). Thus it is necessary to make laboratory tests to diagnose Chlamydia. Chlamydia isn't difficult to treat when it is confirmed.
Chlamydia infection in women often causes cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix - neck and outlet of a woman's uterus). Cervicitis is the most frequent women sexual infection in the world. It is estimated that around 9 percent of sexual active women between 16 and 40 have Chlamydia. The number of infections is higher in adolescents and it is between 15 and 25 percent. It is not rare case that along with Chlamydia goes HPV infection.
Chlamydia cervicitis doesn't have symptoms in 70 percent of women. In 20 to 30 percent of women with the infection there are no symptoms for which doctor would suspect to infection during gynaecological examination. Symptoms appear after 7 to 14 days after sexual intercourse with infected partner.
Most frequently they manifest as burning during urination and with yellow coloured enhanced discharge. Doctor can suspect on Chlamydia if he notice mucous and purulent discharge from cervix, oedema and reddish cervix as the signs of inflammation and small bleeding on touch. If the infection is not treated it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, extrauterine pregnancy and sterility.
Condom is the only contraception that can protect from sexually transmitted infections. Regarding the fact that there may be no symptoms at all regular examinations, gynaecological and dermatovenereologic, may be the only way to recognise the infection.
In order to stop the spreading of the infection both (or more) partners must be treated. It stands true for all partners with whom the patient had sexual intercourse in the period of two months before the infection is confirmed. ■