Brazil, Netherlands biggest competitors for Spanish melons
This is according to data corresponding to 2015 supplied by the Statistics Division of the United Nations (UN) COMTRADE, and the statistical service Eurostacom.
Leaving Guatemalan exports aside, as they do not compete with Spain, given that 96.24 percent of its melon exports go to the United States, the country that comes closest to Spain in terms of sales, both globally and in the European Union, is Brazil. Honduras is also important globally, but only 16.45 percent of its exports go to the EU.
Murcia exports more than half of all Spanish melons, with almost 100% of the sales going to the EU.
In terms of volume, Murcia alone would stand in second place in the world ranking of the largest exporters of melons, behind Guatemala, a country which in 2015 exported 392.71 million kilos of melons, compared to the 230.49 million kilos shipped by Murcia.
Spain is the world's largest exporter with 434.7 million kilos, 375.26 of which went to the EU. In 2015, Spain sold 109.21 million kilos to France, 102.89 to Germany, 61.53 to the UK, 55.81 to the Netherlands and 36.02 million kilos to Portugal.
The most important province when it comes to the export of melons was Murcia, which sold 98.58 percent of its production within the European Union.
The country competing the most with Spain in its usual markets is Brazil, which exported a total of 223.75 million kilos, 211.97 of them in the EU. The main customer for Brazilian melons is the Netherlands, with 95.86 million kilos, followed by the UK, with 55.17; Spain, with 54.65; Italy, with 7.04, and Ireland, in fifth place 3.19 million kilos sold.
The Netherlands, a re-exporting country par excellence, sold 139.52 million kilos of melons globally, with 117.22 going to the EU. By countries, the Netherlands sold 44.67 million kilos to Germany, 14.4 to the UK, 10.62 to Denmark, 9.66 to Sweden and 8.27 million kilos to Belgium.
Costa Rica's total exports in 2015 reached 129.73 million kilos, with the EU receiving 56.66 million.
Globally, the main customer for Costa Rican melons was the United States, which imported 63.33 million kilos. The Netherlands followed with 35.73 million kilos, while 16.53 million kilos were sold to the UK, 4.57 to Italy and 4.16 to Belgium.
Morocco allocates almost all of its melons for export to the EU. Globally, it exported 44.39 million kilos, 43.41 of which went to the EU. France purchased 30 million kilos, another 4.08 million went to Spain, 1.81 were shipped to Mauritania, 1.24 to Portugal and 1.03 million kilos to Italy.
Honduras, the fourth largest exporter of melons, with 219.11 million kilos, is the sixth largest supplier of the European Union, to which it sold 36.6 million kilos of this fruit.
Globally, the main customer for Honduras was the United States, with purchases totalling 166.81 million kilos, followed by the Netherlands with 18.09 million, the UK with 15.49, El Salvador with 8.4 and the UAE, with a total of 1.91 million kilos of melons. ■